John 20 – The Resurrection

 1 Early on Sunday morning, while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene came to the tomb and found that the stone had been rolled away from the entrance. 2 She ran and found Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one whom Jesus loved. She said, “They have taken the Lord’s body out of the tomb, and we don’t know where they have put him!”

 3 Peter and the other disciple started out for the tomb. 4 They were both running, but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first. 5 He stooped and looked in and saw the linen wrappings lying there, but he didn’t go in. 6 Then Simon Peter arrived and went inside. He also noticed the linen wrappings lying there, 7 while the cloth that had covered Jesus’ head was folded up and lying apart from the other wrappings. 8 Then the disciple who had reached the tomb first also went in, and he saw and believed—9 for until then they still hadn’t understood the Scriptures that said Jesus must rise from the dead. 10 Then they went home.

Jesus Appears to Mary Magdalene

 11 Mary was standing outside the tomb crying, and as she wept, she stooped and looked in. 12 She saw two white-robed angels, one sitting at the head and the other at the foot of the place where the body of Jesus had been lying. 13 “Dear woman, why are you crying?” the angels asked her.

   “Because they have taken away my Lord,” she replied, “and I don’t know where they have put him.”

 14 She turned to leave and saw someone standing there. It was Jesus, but she didn’t recognize him. 15 “Dear woman, why are you crying?” Jesus asked her. “Who are you looking for?”

   She thought he was the gardener. “Sir,” she said, “if you have taken him away, tell me where you have put him, and I will go and get him.”

 16 “Mary!” Jesus said.

   She turned to him and cried out, “Rabboni!” (which is Hebrew for “Teacher”).

 17 “Don’t cling to me,” Jesus said, “for I haven’t yet ascended to the Father. But go find my brothers and tell them, ‘I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.’”

 18 Mary Magdalene found the disciples and told them, “I have seen the Lord!” Then she gave them his message.

Jesus Appears to His Disciples

 19 That Sunday evening, the disciples were meeting behind locked doors because they were afraid of the Jewish leaders. Suddenly, Jesus was standing there among them! “Peace be with you,” he said. 20 As he spoke, he showed them the wounds in his hands and his side. They were filled with joy when they saw the Lord! 21 Again he said, “Peace be with you. As the Father has sent me, so I am sending you.” 22 Then he breathed on them and said, “Receive the Holy Spirit. 23 If you forgive anyone’s sins, they are forgiven. If you do not forgive them, they are not forgiven.”

Jesus Appears to Thomas

 24 One of the twelve disciples, Thomas (nicknamed the Twin), was not with the others when Jesus came. 25 They told him, “We have seen the Lord!”

   But he replied, “I won’t believe it unless I see the nail wounds in his hands, put my fingers into them, and place my hand into the wound in his side.”

 26 Eight days later the disciples were together again, and this time Thomas was with them. The doors were locked; but suddenly, as before, Jesus was standing among them. “Peace be with you,” he said. 27 Then he said to Thomas, “Put your finger here, and look at my hands. Put your hand into the wound in my side. Don’t be faithless any longer. Believe!”

 28 “My Lord and my God!” Thomas exclaimed.

 29 Then Jesus told him, “You believe because you have seen me. Blessed are those who believe without seeing me.”

Purpose of the Book

 30 The disciples saw Jesus do many other miraculous signs in addition to the ones recorded in this book. 31 But these are written so that you may continue to believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that by believing in him you will have life by the power of his name.

NOTES from the Life Application Study Bible:

v. 1 – (I never thought about this one.)  The stone was rolled away not so Jesus could get out (he didn’t need a door), but so others could get in and see him gone.

v. 6-7 – The wrappings were like cocoons, as if Jesus had vacated them.  They were not in a heap, or flat; his shape was still there.  A grave robber couldn’t possibly have made off with his body.

v. 9 – Jesus’ resurrection is the key to the Christian faith.  Why? 1) Just as he said, Jesus rose from the dead. We can be confident then, that he will accomplish all he has promised.  2) Jesus’ bodily resurrection shows us that the living Christ, not a false prophet or imposter, is ruler of God’s eternal kingdom. 3) We can be certain of our own resurrection because Jesus was resurrected.  4) The divine power that brought Jesus back to life is now available to us to bring our spiritually dead selves back to life. 5) The Resurrection is the basis for the church’s witness to the world.

v. 18 – Mary was blinded by grief and did not expect to see Jesus at he tomb.  Imagine the love that Mary felt when she heard Jesus say her name; only then did she recognize him.

If you’re not in a relationship with Jesus, know that he is near, and He is calling your name.  Can you regard him as your Lord?

v. 19-31 – Be filled with joy about the risen Christ, and share him with others.  We are called to be disciples.  Don’t keep him to yourself.

v. 22 – When Jesus breathed on the disciples and told them “Receive the Holy Spirit”, it may have been a special filling of the Holy Spirit, a foretaste of what believers would experience at the time of Pentecost (Acts 2).

v. 25-28 – Despite his skepticism, Thomas was still loyal to the believers and to Jesus himself.  Some need to doubt before they believe.  If doubt leads to questions, and questions lead to answers, and if the answers are accepted, then doubt has done good work.  It is when doubt becomes stubbornness, then a prideful lifestyle, that’s when doubt harms faith.  Let doubt deepen faith as you search for the answer.

v. 29 – Some people think they would believe in Jesus if they could see a definite sign or miracle.  But Jesus says we are blessed if we can believe without seeing.  We have all the proof we need in the words of the Bible and the testimony of believers. A physical appearance would not make Jesus any more real to us than he is now.

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